Obesity when itself becomes a disease, it is a limitation for the patient. This no longer remains only a cosmetic surgery problem but has to be tackled as an organized effort by many specialties. This is a concern for the patient as well as doctor who is treating.
PATIENT'S CONCERN is that he or she has too much fat deposition in almost all body part, which shows as layers or Tiers. Thick fat apron hangs down from the abdomen to thighs, insides and outsides of thighs are so much bulky that it is difficult to walk. Same is the case with chest and arms. To keep their parts clean is difficult. Walking and other movements are quite limited. Many diseases are associated with obesity and patient bears the brunt of their added problems.
REASONS OF MORBID OBESITY are many. For the interest of every one, I will discuss few of them here:
- Excessive eating is one of the main reasons. Modern life style has limited activities. Calories intake are invariably more than the required daily consumption. Extra calories are stored in shape of fat in fat cells.
- Eating habits of now-a-days have more of junk food, juices and soft drinks. Children in particular have more affinity towards chocolates and ice-creams. Very few physical exercise lots of calories intake adds to obesity problem even in childhood.
- Wrestlers, weight lifters and some sports persons in their younger age do heavy exercises plus heavy diet. But, little later, when this routine is broken, can't keep a control, ends up in morbid obesity at younger age.
- Accidents and prolong bed rest in some cases adds to the problem of obesity.
- Ladies after pregnancies, more so after caesarian section operation have tendency to put on which is unstoppable leading to morbid obesity.
- Uncontrolled excessive drinkers of bear and alcohol on regular basis along with rich food is one major and common cause of morbid obesity.
- Compulsive eaters are those who cannot stop themselves from eating are in good number as morbid obesity patients.
- Hormonal derangements are medical problem in some cases. Imbalance in hormones production in Thyroid, Pituitary, Adrenals and some other glands are responsible for morbid obesity.
- Hereditary factors does play important role. Offspring's of obese parents with familial history are often obese.
Conditions and benefits :
EFFECTS OF MORBID OBESITY ON PATIENT'S BODY are many, listed here:
- Bulky body is an embracement for the patient and family. Laughs, Funny comments and jokes are common. Patient develops complexed feelings.
- Activities and movements with heavy body are quite restricted and slow.
- Breathlessness with little effort is common.
- Blood pressure remains high and effects of high blood pressure on other body parts like heart, kidneys and brain are commonly seen.
- Heart has to keep pumping blood to the huge body. It is put to heavy extra work regularly. Therefore, angina, heart attack and heart failure is inevitable even at early stage.
- Diabetes Mellitus is commonly associated with obesity. Control of diabetes with medicines or insulin requires very heavy doses, even then remains uncontrolled. Uncontrolled diabetes is a nuisance and effects adversely to all body parts.
- Effects on kidneys due to obesity, added up with hypertension and diabetes leads to chronic kidney disease ending up in failure to dialysis and kidney transplantation.
- Bones, Joints and muscles always has to carry heavy overweight. They loose their shape and strength. Movements becomes more and more restricted adding to the problems of morbid obesity.
- Gall Bladder Stone, Liver Disease, Sleep Apnea and Insomnia are some associated problems.
- Infertility in males and females because of obesity is known. It is quite distressing and depressing for the couple.
- Dermatitis - bacterial and/or fungal origin are problems in parts, where layers rub each other and not kept hygienically clean.
- Morbid Obese patients struggles during its life time and with shortening life span marches to the early end.
THE PROBLEM OF MORBID OBESITY
Morbid obesity means being overweight to the point where you are prone to disease.
You are considered morbidly obese if you are more than double your ideal body weight or more than 100 pounds overweight.
Another definition of morbid obesity is the BMI or Body Mass Index. This is a calculated number (kilograms divided by the height in meters squared). A BMI of 40 justifies the performance of morbid obesity without any co-morbidities, and a BMI of 35 to 40 justifies the surgery with the presence of serious co-morbidities such as diabetes or high blood pressure. A BMI of 25 is normal.
If you are morbidly obese, you are susceptible to a wide range of serious disorders, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and degenerative arthritis. Worse still, morbid obesity greatly increases your chances of dying from cardiovascular disease. (The death rate for morbidly obese men 23-34 years old is twelve times that of men in the general population.)
The consequences are not only medical. Excess body fat can also thwart your social and personal relationships, thus causing emotional stress. You may also face difficulty in finding employment, and must bear the trouble and expense of obtaining special clothing. In all these ways and more, morbid obesity makes it difficult for you to have the kind of life you want.
Dieting, in general, does not work. Even with intense effort only a very small percentage of obese people are successful in taking off and keeping off excess weight. Lack of success at dieting only adds to the feeling of inadequacy and failure.
Drugs will only help weight loss as long as they are taken, and therefore for permanent weight loss would need to be taken indefinitely. All the drugs have some side effects and the weight loss will return when the drugs are stopped. In any event none of these drugs have in the past, nor are likely to be in the foreseeable future, effective for the large amounts of weight loss necessary for the morbidly obese.